European Human Rights

On 18/7/2013 in the case of Maktouf and Damjanovic v. Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights ruled unanimously that there had been a violation of ECHR Article 7 (no punishment without law). The applicants were convicted of war crimes in 1992 and 1993, and were subject to punishment under the Criminal Code of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1976. However, they claimed that the more stringent law of the Criminal Code of Bosnia and Herzegovina 2003, had been applied to them retrospectively.

The Grand Chamber found the determining factor in that the applicants could have received a lower sentence had the 1976 Criminal Code been applied. Significantly, as the 2003 Code operated so as to disadvantage the applicants concerning a more stringent sentence, there had been a breach of Article 7.  


See, http://www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home&c=


Council of Europe - Second World Forum For Democracy 2013

From the 23-29th November, 2013, the Council of Europe is inviting to Strasbourg political leaders and civil society to debate the democratic deficit which currently exists within many political systems around the world, and the rise of social media as a tool to create political movements and promote political change. 

2013 World Forum for DemocracyThe title of the Second World Forum for Democracy is: Re-Writing Democracy:  Connecting Institutions and Citizens in a Digital Age. 

This forum will debate issues such as, voter abstention, interest-based communities, political governance, protest movements and democratic revolutions. 

You can follow lead-up to the forum on twitter at: #coe_WFD